建筑名称：VIA 57 WEST
建筑设计：BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group
客户：The Durst Organization
合作：SLCE Architects, Starr Whitehouse, Thornton Tomasetti, Dagher Engineering, Langan Engineering, Hunter Roberts,Enclos, Philip Habib & Assoc, Vidaris Inc, Nancy Packes, Van Deusen & Assoc, Cerami & Assoc, CPP, AKRF, Glessner Group, Brandston Partnership Inc
建筑位置：New York, USA
所获奖项：2015 P/A Progressive Architecture Citation Award, 2012 NYAIA Merit Award Future Award
由BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group为Durst设计的VIA 57 West，给纽约市引入了一种新的建筑：Courtscrape。这栋830 000平方英尺的高层结合了美国超高层和欧洲庭院的特点，一共包含了709户住宅，围绕着建筑中心奢华的22 000平方英尺的花园。
VIA 57 West, designed by BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group for the Durst Organization, introduces a new typology to New York City: the Courtscraper. The 830 000 sq ft highrise combines the density of the American skyscraper with the communal space of the European courtyard, offering 709 residential units with a lush 22 000 sq ft garden at the heart of the building.
VIA occupies nearly a full city block at the corner of West 57th Street and the West Side Highway, with uninterrupted views towards the Hudson River Park and the waterfront. The Durst Organization commissioned BIG to design a building for the site in the spring of 2010, and construction commenced in 2011. The 32-story building has welcomed residents since May 2016 with the construction completing this Fall. Earlier this year, the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) named VIA the Best Tall Building in the Americas as part of its 2016 Tall Buildings Award.
VIA Courtscraper是欧洲街坊建筑和传统美国高层建筑的结合。建筑东北角最高峰高450英尺，在增加公寓住户数的同时，优雅的保留了相邻的Helena Tower面向哈德逊的景观。VIA形体的变化主要由视觉效果的优劣决定。从西面看是一个双曲线抛物面或者说是扭曲的金字塔，从东面看，是一个细长的尖塔。
The VIA Courtscraper is a hybrid between the European perimeter block and the traditional American highrise. The building peaks at 450 feet at its north-east corner, thereby maximizing the number of apartments and graciously preserving the adjacent Helena Tower's views of the river. VIA's volume changes depending on the viewer's vantage point. From the west, it is a hyperbolic paraboloid or a warped pyramid. From the east, the Courtscraper appears to be a slender spire.
The shared green space at the heart of the block is derived from the classic Copenhagen 'urban oasis'. The courtyard has the exact same proportions as Olmsted's park, just 13,000 times smaller- a bonsai Central Park. In a similar accumulation of natural landscapes, the courtyard transforms from a shaded forest in the east, to a sunny meadow in the west. Designed by landscape architecture firm Starr Whitehouse, it features 80 newly planted trees and lawns, and 47 species of native plant material.
“In recent decades, some of the most interesting urban developments have come in the form of nature and public space, reinserting themselves back into the postindustrial pockets, freeing up around the city; the pedestrianization of Broadway & Times Square; the bicycle lanes, the High Line and the industrial piers turning into parks. Located at the northern tip of the Hudson River Park, VIA continues this process of greenification allowing open space to invade the urban fabric of the Manhattan city grid. In an unlikely fusion of what seems to be two mutually exclusive typologies -the courtyard and the skyscraper, the Courtscraper is the most recent addition to the Manhattan skyline.”Bjarke Ingels, Founding Partner, BIG.
By keeping three corners of the block low and lifting the north-east portion of the building, the courtyard opens views towards the Hudson River and brings the low western sun deep into the block. While the courtyard is a private space and a sanctuary for residents, it can still be seen from the outside, creating a visual connection to the greenery of the Hudson River Park.
The building is predominantly residential units of different sizes with cultural and commercial program at the street level and the second floor. The lower levels of VIA have a strong relationship to the courtyard. The lobby is connected directly to the courtyard via a grand stair, which invites residents into the courtyard space. The generous amenities at VIA include lounges and events spaces, a golf simulator, movie screening room, a pool, a basketball court, gym and exercise studios, and game rooms for poker, ping pong, billiards and shuffle board, and are all constructed around the courtyard to create a strong physical and visual connection between the interior and exterior communal spaces.
At the upper levels, the apartments are organized on a fishbone layout, orienting the homes towards the view of the water. Large terraces are carved into the warped façade to maximize views and light into the apartments, while ensuring privacy between the residents. The material concept for the interior design of the project is "Scandimerican", another layer of the European-American hybridity. They blend classic modern Scandinavian material sensibility blended with local New York materials. The primary materials of the apartments are oak wood floors and cabinets, and white porcelain tiles in the bathrooms.
相邻Helena Tower立面之上，由Stephen Glassman创作的8层高的巨型雕塑作品“Flows Two Ways”将成为这个作品的最后一块拼图。在雕塑落成后，诸如Livanos集团旗下餐厅，Landmark剧院影院以及全美第一家美国犬类俱乐部的零售店将进驻建筑的临街空间，让此处成为城市中休闲消遣的新热点。
The building also features a complementing eight-story sculpture by Stephen Glassman entitled “Flows Two Ways,” anchored on the façade of the adjacent Helena tower. Once completed, the ground floor commercial space will host such public amenities as a restaurant from the Livanos Restaurant Group, a Landmark Theatres movie cinema and the first U.S. retail store for the American Kennel Club.